Early career[ edit ] Jersey was built during a time of peace in Britain. She was badly damaged in battle in Junewith her captain's log recording the loss of all sails and: The braces, bowlines shot away several times, also the staysail halyards.
New Jersey completed fitting out and trained her initial crew in the Western Atlantic and Caribbean. She reported there on 22 January for duty with the Fifth Fleet, and three days later rendezvoused with Task Group New Jersey screened the carriers from enemy attack as their aircraft flew strikes against Kwajalein and Eniwetok from 29 January - 2 February, softening up the latter for its invasion and supporting the troops who landed on 31 January.
Spruance, commanding the Fifth Fleet, broke his flag from her main. Her first action as a flagship was a bold two-day surface and air strike by her task force against the supposedly impregnable Japanese fleet base on Truk in the Carolines. This blow was coordinated with the assault on Kwajalein, and effectively interdicted Japanese naval retaliation to the conquest of the Marshalls.
On 17 and 18 February, the task force accounted for two Japanese light cruisers, four destroyers, three auxiliary cruisers, two submarine tenders, two submarine chasers, an armed trawler, a plane ferry, and 23 other auxiliaries, not including small craft.
New Jersey destroyed a trawler and, with other ships, sank destroyer Maikaze, as well as firing on an enemy plane which attacked her formation. The task A look at the american naval fighting ship new jersey returned to the Marshalls on 19 February.
She screened the carrier striking force which gave air support to the invasion of Aitape, Tanahmerah Bay and Humboldt Bay, New Guinea, on 22 April, then bombed shipping and shore installations at Truk from April. New Jersey and her formation splashed two enemy torpedo bombers at Truk.
Her sixteen-inch salvos pounded Ponape on 1 May, destroying fuel tanks, badly damaging the airfield, and demolishing a headquarters building. On the second day of pre-invasion air strikes, 12 June, New Jersey downed an enemy torpedo bomber, and during the next two days her heavy guns battered Saipan and Tinian, throwing steel against the beaches the marines would charge on 15 June.
The Japanese response to the Marianas operation was an order to its Mobile Fleet; it must attack and annihilate the American invasion force. New Jersey took station in the protective screen around the carriers on 19 June as American and Japanese pilots dueled in the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
That day and the next were to pronounce the doom of Japanese naval aviation; in this "Marianas Turkey Shoot," the Japanese lost some planes. This loss of trained pilots and aircraft was equaled in disaster by the sinking of three Japanese carriers by submarines and aircraft, and the damaging of two carriers and a battleship.
The anti-aircraft fire of New Jersey and the other screening ships proved virtually impenetrable. Only two American ships were damaged, and those but slightly.
In this overwhelming victory but 17 American planes were lost to combat. Here she broke the flag of Admiral William F. In this climactic span of the Pacific War, fast carrier task forces ranged the waters off the Philippines, Okinawa, and Formosa, striking again and again at airfields, shipping, shore bases, and invasion beaches.
New Jersey offered the essential protection required by these forces, always ready to repel enemy air or surface attack. Early in October raids to destroy enemy air power based on Okinawa and Formosa were begun in preparation for the Leyte landings on 20 October.
This invasion brought on the desperate, almost suicidal, last great sortie of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Its plan for the Battle for Leyte Gulf included a feint by a northern force of planeless heavy attack carriers to draw away the battleships, cruisers and fast carriers with which Admiral Halsey was protecting the landings.
At the opening of the battle, planes from the carriers guarded by New Jersey struck hard at both the Japanese Southern and Center Forces, sinking a battleship on 23 October. The next day Halsey shaped his course north after the decoy force had been spotted. Planes from his carriers sank four of the Japanese carriers, as well as a destroyer and a cruiser, while New Jersey steamed south at flank speed to meet the newly developed threat of the Center force.
It had been turned back in a stunning defeat when she arrived. New Jersey rejoined her fast carriers near San Bernadino 27 October for strikes on central and southern Luzon. Two days later, the force was under suicide attack. Intrepid was again attacked, shot down one would-be suicide, but was crashed by another despite hits scored on the attacker by New Jersey gunners.
In December, New Jersey sailed with the Lexington task group for air attacks on Luzon from December; then found herself in the furious typhoon which sank three destroyers.
Skillful seamanship brought her through undamaged. In support of the assault on Iwo Jima, New Jersey screened the Essex CV-9 group in air attacks on the island on February, and gave the same crucial service for the first major carrier raid on Tokyo 25 February, a raid aimed specifically at aircraft production.
During the next two days, Okinawa was attacked from the air by the same striking force. New Jersey was directly engaged in the conquest of Okinawa from 14 March until 16 April.
As the carriers prepared for the invasion with strikes there and on Honshu, New Jersey fought off air raids, used her seaplanes to rescue downed pilots, defended the carriers from suicide planes, shooting down at least three and assisting in the destruction of others. On 24 March she again carried out the vital battleship role of heavy bombardment, preparing the invasion beaches for the assault a week later.History of the USS New Jersey, BB THE BEGINNING.
The second New They themselves were able to reach friendly territory and were later returned to their ship. With Admiral Arthur W. Radford, Commander in Chief Pacific Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, James L.
Mooney, ed., Past Commanding Officers of the Battleship . The ship was laid down in February at Boston, Massachusetts, by Donald MacKay; and was launched on 24 October The new ship was commissioned on 21 July at the Boston Navy Yard, Comdr.
John W. Philip in alphabetnyc.com: knots ( km/h; mph). Jul 25, · New Jersey was decommissioned for the final time at Naval Station Long Beach, California, on 8 February , with the ship serving a total of .
HMS Jersey was a gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built to the proposals of the Establishment of dimensions at Plymouth Dockyard, and launched on 14 June She is perhaps most noted for her service as a prison ship during the American Revolutionary War.
The second New Jersey (BB) was launched 7 December by the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard; sponsored by Mrs. Charles Edison, wife of Governor Edison of New Jersey, former Secretary of the Navy; and commissioned at Philadelphia 23 May , Captain Carl F. Holden in command.
USS Intrepid (CV) Jump to navigation Jump to search. USS It closed on 1 October , in preparation for its towing to Bayonne, New Jersey for repairs, and later Staten Island, New York for renovation and temporary docking.
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