ENG - College Writing 4 In this course, students acquire the writing competence necessary for conducting and presenting research. A variety of assignments, beginning with personal reflections, build upon one another, as students develop ideas that respond to, critique, and synthesize the positions of others.
History of Togo Before colonization [ edit ] Archaeological finds indicate that ancient tribes were able to produce pottery and process iron.
The name Togo is translated from the Ewe language as "land Essay ivory coast lagoons lie". Not much is known of the period before arrival of the Portuguese in During the period from the 11th century to the 16th century, various tribes entered the region from all directions: Most of them settled in coastal areas.
The slave trade began in the 16th century, and for the next two hundred years the coastal region was a major trading centre for Europeans in search of slaves, earning Togo and the surrounding region the name "The Slave Coast ". Colonial era — [ edit ] Togoland R. HellgreweIna paper was signed at Togoville with the King Mlapa III, whereby Germany claimed a protectorate over a stretch of territory along the coast and gradually extended its control inland.
Its borders were defined after the capture of hinterland by German forces and signing agreements with France and Britain. Inthis became the German colony of Togoland. The local population was forced to work, cultivate cotton, coffee and cocoa and pay high taxes.
The Germans introduced modern techniques of cultivation of cocoacoffee and cotton and developed the infrastructure. On 7 December the condominium collapsed and Togo was divided into British and French zones. Inthe country received the right to send three representatives to the French parliament.
The residents of British Togoland voted to join the Gold Coast as part of the new independent nation of Ghana in French Togoland became an autonomous republic within the French Union inwhile France retained the right to control the defense, foreign relations and finances.
Independence to present day —present [ edit ] Sylvanus Olympio The Togolese Republic was proclaimed on 27 April On 9 April the Constitution of the Togolese Republic was adopted, according to which the supreme legislative body was the National Assembly of Togo.
A decree was issued on the dissolution of the opposition parties. Olympio tried to reduce dependence on France by establishing cooperation with the United StatesGreat Britain and Germany.
He also rejected efforts of French soldiers who were demobilized after the Algerian War and tried to get a position in the Togolese army. The military handed over power to an interim government led by Nicolas Grunitzky. In May Grunitzky was elected President of the Republic.
The new leadership pursued a policy of developing relations with France. His main aim was to dampen the divisions between north and south, promulgate a new constitution, and introduce a multiparty system.
He created the Rally of the Togolese People Partybanned activities of other political parties and introduced a one-party system in November He was reelected in and Inthe privatization program launched and in other political parties were allowed. Inthe EU froze the partnership, describing Eyadema's re-election inandas a seizure of power.
In Aprilin Brussels, talks were held between the European Union and Togo on the resumption of cooperation. Some democratically elected African leaders such as Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal and Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria supported the move, thereby creating a rift within the African Union.
The opposition declared that the election results were fraudulent. The events of led to questions regarding the government's commitment to democracy that had been made in an attempt to normalize relations with the EUwhich cut off aid in due to questions about Togo's human rights situation.
In addition, up to people were killed in the violence surrounding the presidential elections, according to the UN. Around 40, Togolese fled to neighboring countries. In lateanti-government protests erupted in Togo, the biggest since ones after the election.Shop eBay for great deals on Proof, Essay Ivory Coast Stamps.
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Offers degrees at bachelor's, master's, and doctoral levels. Togo (/ ˈ t oʊ ɡ oʊ / ()), officially the Togolese Republic (French: République togolaise), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
The sovereign state extends south to the Gulf of Guinea, where its capital Lomé is located.
Togo covers 57, square kilometres (22, square miles), making it one of the smallest. Essay on World: Aids and Ivory Coast. determine the approximate prevalence of AIDS in the city of Abidjan, the capital of the Ivory Coast.
The results indicated that between and , 41 percent of men and 32 percent of women were positive for the AIDS virus. Essays on the ivory coast. 25 Nov Essays on the ivory coast. Written by ; Category foire lessay essay on sarnath lion capital of ashoka understanding self reflection essay privatrechtliche stiftung beispiel essay bcg matrix nestle essays on abortion world war 1 summary essay on is google kurzportrait schreiben beispiel.
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