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Research papers Tagged With: Therapists focussed on the needs of the individual as they attempt to facilitate Experiential family therapy carl whitaker interaction, resulting in the individuality of each member.
As Becvar and Becvar asserted, the hallmarks of experiential family therapy were the importance of individuality, personal freedom and self-fulfillment pp. Thus, efforts to reduce defensiveness and unlock deeper levels of experiencing rested on an assumption of the basic goodness of human nature.
Many of the basic theories were borrowed from individual and group therapy. It borrowed techniques such as role-playing and emotional confrontation borrowed from Gestalt therapy, however as Nichols and Schwartz observed, by focussing emotions rather than the dynamics of interaction, experiential therapist seemed somewhat out of step with the rest of family therapy pp.
Experiential family therapy viewed the cause and effect of family problems as fuelled by emotional suppression. For example, Whitaker and Keith argued parents have a tendency confuse the instrumental and expressive functions of emotion.
The result is that children tend to blunt their emotional experience to avoid making waves.
Family-oriented therapy, whether used as the primary treatment or in In order for therapy to be a success, experiential therapists believe that families need to get in touch with their feelings, hope, desires, as well as their fears and anxieties. He was the first to do psychotherapy with families and was considered a maverick at first, however he retained the respect of other family therapists due to his skill and success as a therapist.
Thus, his advice was to give up calculation as soon as possible in favour of being you. Further, he wrote that theory was for beginners.
According to Connell, et al. In place of determinism, he emphasized freedom and the immediacy of experience. Whitaker had unusual views on marriage. He believed that there was no such thing as a marriage, just two scapegoats sent out by their families to perpetuate themselves.
He viewed dysfunctional families as being terrified of conflict, adhering rigidly to the rituals that they establish and clinging to their routines.
Further, he thought that breakthroughs could occur only when family members risk being more separate and show anger Napier and Whitaker, As will be demonstrated in section two of this paper, the methods he used were emotionally intense, action oriented, highly creative and to all appearances, non-rational.
Whitaker argued the therapist must be a genuine person who catalyzes changes using his or her impact of families, instead of hiding behind a professional role.
The ahistorical classification includes structural family therapy, strategic family therapy, behavioral family therapy, psychoeducational family therapy The history of the models and the therapist According to Whitakeras cited in Griffin and Green, the objective of therapy is that the therapist and family work together jointly to set specific goals.
These goals should remain unconscious during therapy, identified only in looking back. The therapy should also improve behavioural congruence, enhance independence and free choice, and expand the experiencing of emotions. Basic Model Whitaker believed that the active and forceful personal involvement and caring of the therapist was the best way to bring about changes in the family and promote flexibility among family members.
He relied on his own personality and wit rather than any kind of fixed techniques to stir up issues in families and to help them open up and be themselves.
He also did this to confuse the family. It has to do with disorganizing whatever the family brings in and enjoying my disorganization as well.
During this part of the therapy the therapist and the family learned to express anxiety more openly during the session.
Techniques that were commonly used to activate the underlying anxiety of the therapy included waiting, challenging roles, amplifying family deviations and highlighting differences. If successful, families should experience their will to fight, push and disagree.
Theoretical Concepts There are 3 stages of therapy: During the engagement stage of therapy the therapist uses the following intervention strategies: There are 2 main confrontational interventions during this stage that are essential to both maximize the opportunities for confronting and undoing the role of the scapegoating process.Experiential family therapy is a humanistic and existential based approach that was founded by Carl Whitaker throughout the ’s.
Other leading figures who contributed to the development of experiential therapy include: Thomas Malone, John Warkentin, Richard Felder, and Virginia Satir. Introduction Experiential therapy emerged from the humanistic wing of psychology that was focussed on the immediate, here-and-now experience, which was most popular in the 's and 70's.
Although, Carl Whitaker made this type of therapy appear smooth and informal, there was only one Carl Whitaker. Many of his close followers during the heyday of experiential family therapy .
Carl Whitaker, a pioneer in family therapy, took an experiential—some would say unorthodox—approach to facilitating growth within family systems. Carl Whitaker Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Start studying Experiential Family Therapy (Virginia Satir and Carl Whitaker).
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