Brian C Benfield, Prof. Roger Fox, Visiting Fellow, U. Stephanie Lis, Head of Communications, Inst.
The Historical Socrates i. His family was not extremely poor, but they were by no means wealthy, and Socrates could not claim that he was of noble birth like Plato.
He Philosophy and goal statement up in the political deme or district of Alopece, and when he turned 18, began to perform the typical political duties required of Athenian males.
These included compulsory military service and membership in the Assembly, the governing body responsible for determining military strategy and legislation. In a culture that worshipped male beauty, Socrates had the misfortune of being born incredibly ugly.
Many of our ancient sources attest to his rather awkward physical appearance, and Plato more than once makes reference to it Theaetetus e, Symposium, a-c; also Xenophon Symposium 4.
Socrates was exophthalmic, meaning that his eyes bulged out of his head and were not straight but focused sideways. He had a snub nose, which made him resemble a pig, and many sources depict him with a potbelly. Socrates did little to help his odd appearance, frequently wearing the same cloak and sandals throughout both the day and the evening.
As a young man Socrates was given an education appropriate for a person of his station. By the middle of the 5th century B. Sophroniscus, however, also took pains to give his son an advanced cultural education in poetry, music, and athletics.
In both Plato and Xenophon, we find a Socrates that is well versed in poetry, talented at music, and quite at-home in the gymnasium. In accordance with Athenian custom, his father also taught him a trade, though Socrates did not labor at it on a daily basis.
Rather, he spent his days in the agora the Athenian marketplaceasking questions of those who would speak with him. While he was poor, he quickly acquired a following of rich young aristocrats—one of whom was Plato—who particularly enjoyed hearing him interrogate those that were purported to be the wisest and most influential men in the city.
Socrates was married to Xanthippe, and according to some sources, had a second wife. Most suggest that he first married Xanthippe, and that she gave birth to his first son, Lamprocles.
He is alleged to have married his second wife, Myrto, without dowry, and she gave birth to his other two sons, Sophroniscus and Menexenus. Various accounts attribute Sophroniscus to Xanthippe, while others even suggest that Socrates was married to both women simultaneously because of a shortage of males in Athens at the time.
In accordance with Athenian custom, Socrates was open about his physical attraction to young men, though he always subordinated his physical desire for them to his desire that they improve the condition of their souls. Socrates fought valiantly during his time in the Athenian military.
Just before the Peloponnesian War with Sparta began in B. E, he helped the Athenians win the battle of Potidaea B.
He also fought as one of 7, hoplites aside 20, troops at the battle of Delium B. Both battles were defeats for Athens. Despite his continued service to his city, many members of Athenian society perceived Socrates to be a threat to their democracy, and it is this suspicion that largely contributed to his conviction in court.
It is therefore imperative to understand the historical context in which his trial was set. Later Life and Trial 1.An educational philosophy statement or teaching philosophy statement is a brief essay that all nearly prospective teachers are required to write.
Vanderbilt University explains: "A teaching (philosophy) statement is a purposeful and reflective essay about the author’s teaching beliefs and.
Ethics What is Ethics? Ethics is the branch of study dealing with what is the proper course of action for man.
Our statement concerns a matter of word usage in English, and the problem affects primarily English-language discourse, so we are soliciting signatures from individuals from countries where English is a primary language. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world. Epistemology or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge. Teaching Philosophy Statement What is a Teaching Philosophy Statement? A teaching philosophy statement is a narrative that includes: your conception of .
It answers the question, "What do I do?". A philosophy of education statement, sometimes called a teaching statement, should be a staple in every teacher's portfolio.
For elementary school teachers, the statement is an opportunity to define what teaching means to you, and allows you to describe how and .
Personal Philosophy and Goal Statement The way a person believes is usually influenced by various different life factors, which is why no one ever agrees on everything.
Our Mission and Philosophy Summary. As the Division of Public Assistance charts a course toward a new welfare system, the following mission and vision statements define a direction for the agency. The guiding principles and program philosophies explain common beliefs that enable this agency to achieve its goals.
Sample Educational Philosophy Statements Sample #1 My Philosophy Statement on Education. I believe that each child is a unique individual who needs a secure, caring, and stimulating atmosphere in which to grow and mature emotionally, intellectually, physically, and socially.