This has been a source of controversy for a number of reasons, including the overcrowding and violence in youth detention facilities, the prosecution of youths as adults and the long term consequences of incarceration on the individual's chances for success in adulthood. Inthe United Nations Human Rights Committee criticized the United States for about ten judicial abuses, including the mistreatment of juvenile inmates.
These costs are rarely quantified and measured and primarily impact incarcerated populations and the families and communities from whom they are separated, the same people who are already stigmatized, penalized, and punished. Families pay both the apparent and hidden costs while their loved ones serve out sentences in our jails and prisons.
Because families are formed in diverse ways and take many forms, the definition used in this report encompasses families built across generations and borders and within and beyond blood relations.
The families in this report and those who support loved ones bear the burden to help those individuals re-acclimate to society after serving time. Four decades of unjust criminal justice policies have created a legacy of collateral impacts that Purpose of incarceration for generations and are felt most deeply by women, low-income families, and communities of color.
In Marchthe Ella Baker Center for Human RightsForward Togetherand Research Action Design launched a collaborative participatory research project with 20 community-based organizations across the country to address this unjust legacy.
Trained community researchers reached directly into communities in 14 states, probing into the financial costs faced when a family member goes to jail or prison, the resulting effects on physical and mental health, and the challenges and barriers encountered by all when an individual returns home.
The research included surveys with formerly incarcerated people, family members of the formerly incarcerated, 27 employers, and 34 focus groups with family members and individuals impacted by incarceration.
The project revealed that many of the costs and penalties associated with incarceration continue long after incarceration ends and reach far beyond the individual being punished, with negative impacts for families and communities.
The findings show that the long-term costs extend beyond the significant sums already paid by individuals and their families for immediate and myriad legal expenses, including cost of attorney, court fees and fines, and phone and visitation charges.
Latent costs include, but are not limited to, mental health support, care for untreated physical ailments, the loss of children sent to foster care or extended family, permanent declines in income, and loss of opportunities like education and employment for both the individuals incarcerated and their family members, opportunities that could lead to a brighter future.
Specifically, the research group learned: People with convictions are saddled with copious fees, fines, and debt at the same time that their economic opportunities are diminished, resulting in a lack of economic stability and mobility.
Sixty-seven percent of formerly incarcerated individuals associated with our survey were still unemployed or underemployed five years after their release. Many families lose income when a family member is removed from household wage earning and struggle to meet basic needs while paying fees, supporting their loved one financially, and bearing the costs of keeping in touch.
In addition, families incur large sums of debt due to their experience with incarceration. Despite their often-limited resources, families are the primary resource for housing, employment, and health needs of their formerly incarcerated loved ones, filling the gaps left by diminishing budgets for reentry services.
Reentry programs, nonprofits, and faith-based organizations combined did not provide housing and other support at the levels that families did. Incarceration damages familial relationships and stability by separating people from their support systems, disrupting continuity of families, and causing lifelong health impacts that impede families from thriving.
The stigma, isolation, and trauma associated with incarceration have direct impacts across families and communities. Families, including their incarcerated loved ones, frequently reported Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, nightmares, hopelessness, depression, and anxiety.
Yet families have little institutional support for healing this trauma and becoming emotionally and financially stable during and post incarceration. These impacts hit women of color and their families more substantially than others, deepening inequities and societal divides that have pushed many into the criminal justice system in the first place.
Almost one in every four women and two of five Black women are related to someone who is incarcerated.A definite answer framed in a direct, one sentence statement “The purpose of incarceration is..” Sample evidence from what we have read so far that supports this answer.
A statement of one or two sentences that anticipates how another person might challenge your argument. Walk-In Services Are you interested in our outpatient therapy or medication management services, or in need of a mental health evaluation?
We are now offering walk-in hours for new patients! Probation Supervision. Since , probation has been the primary form of supervision for anyone convicted of a felony in Michigan.
Probation may be imposed for misdemeanors and felonies except murder, treason, armed robbery, criminal sexual conduct in the first or third degree, certain controlled-substance offenses, or felonies in which a firearm was used.
The Center for Community Transitions (CCT) is a non-profit organization headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina. Our purpose is to help transitioning individuals and families to re-enter the community after incarceration.
What is the purpose of incarceration?
Some would argue that it is to punish inmates for their trespasses against society. Yet others would argue that it is to teach these maladjusted people the ways of acceptable behavior, to give them the tools they will need to re-integrate back into society, better for their time spent in prison.
This is the website for the Maine Department of Corrections.