He pointed at religion and suggested that certain religions played an important role in the advent of capitalism.
Voltaire, Abstract Religion establishes and maintains social control in a number of ways. From the earliest civilizations, man has used religion to aid in ruling his subjects, either in the form as a spokesman or as a god. In later years religion is more greatly used as a political tool wielded by the church or by reformers.
In each of these ways religion is used as a tool to sway, convert and control the people who are subject to it. This paper seeks to explain how, in close proximity to linear time, religion has been used as a social control device.
Through briefly looking at individual aspects of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Rome some of the earliest uses can be seen. More contemporary thoughts such as the reformation and Marxist ideas focus on how these changed towards what is now seen in the present day.
Rulers ascended to positions of power, and created laws for their people to follow, but justification and enforcement frequently pose a problem. It is possible to compel compliance through enforcement alone, but this accomplishes little more than convincing people to be more careful when breaking them.
Because of the resources required to police lawless people, the ruler would never have the opportunity to conquer his neighbors. Shrewd rulers realized that people needed to believe laws had to be obeyed, and that regardless of secular authority, punishment in some form was inevitable.
The simplest motivation for obedience was that the gods said so. Obey the laws, and take blessing for your children and your Land: Those who disobey will be faced with destruction, your crops withered, your well dry, and your animals diseased.
The logic behind this was straightforward, however, the ruler had to first establish their authority to speak for their gods. The oldest existing legal code is that of Hammurabi of Sumer. Its preface states that Hammurabi was chosen by the gods Anu, Bel, and Marduk and establishes his authority to create laws as coming from them.
Anu and Bel called by name me, Hammurabi, the exalted prince, who feared God, to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil-doers; so that the strong should not harm the weak; so that I should rule over the black-headed people like Shamash, and enlighten the land, to further the well-being of mankind.
Moses, for example, climbed a mountain where he communicated directly with god before returning with the laws for the Hebrews.
He was believed to have the ability to influence the Nile flooding, which would annually cover the surrounding land with fertile topsoil, allowing the Egyptians to raise two crops each year.
Many of the accomplishments of the Pharos can be viewed as a direct result of the influence that their divinity, and connection to the Nile, granted them over the people.
Borrowing from the Egyptian culture he took the role of a god Kreis, S. Although not as powerful as Jupiter, his immediate presence and his position of rule fortified his authority.
The only opposition to this came from the Hebrew people whose religion forbade participation in other religions, or even recognition of other gods.When we discuss the relationship between science and spirituality, it is important to distinguish between spirituality and religion.
Spirituality is a way of being grounded in a certain experience of reality that is independent of cultural and historical contexts.
Article shared by. Here is your essay on the relation between religion and social change.. That economic order, political order and cultural order are three different facets of the social order.
Nonetheless, Halévy’s work, like Weber’s, contains important insights regarding the relationship between religious beliefs and the process of social change. See Elie Halévy. A History of the English People in the Nineteenth Century. Religion Is Seen as Not Promoting Social Change for Marx and Durkheim.
A+. Pages:3 Words This is just a sample. We will write a custom essay sample on Religion Is Seen as Not Promoting Social Change for Marx would see a relationship between spiritual belief and progressive societal activism as a show of a dehumanised.
The sociology of sports also referred to as sports sociology, is the study of the relationship between sports and society.
It examines how culture and values influence sports, how sports influences culture and values, and the relationship between sports and the media, politics, economics, religion, race, gender, youth, etc.
It also looks at the relationship between sports and social inequality. Home > A Level and IB > Sociology > Assess the relationship between gender and religion 33marks. Assess the relationship between gender and religion 33marks. Got 30/ hope it helps. / 5. Created by: Social change essay (33 marks) / 5.
SCLY3: Beliefs in Society Revision Notes.