Subscribe to our FREE email newsletter and download free character development worksheets! Cris Freese October 31, A special treat on this Halloween morning: I think horror blends well with other genres, which broadens its appeal to readers who claim to staunchly dislike the genre on its own. I think both writers and readers have become more discerning.
The three voices were used interchangeably, except for the last speech, which was performed by Gregg. Each had deceased, domineering mothers, had sealed off a room in their home as a shrine to her, and dressed in women's clothes. However, unlike Bates, Gein is not strictly considered a serial killerhaving been charged with murder only twice.
Peggy RobertsonHitchcock's long-time assistant, read Anthony Boucher 's positive review of the novel in his "Criminals at Large" column and decided to show the book to her employer, seattle film institute screenwriting agents though studio readers at Paramount Pictures had already rejected its premise for a film.
He disliked stars' salary demands and trusted only a few people to choose prospective material, including Robertson. Paramount executives rejected this cost-conscious approach, claiming their sound stages were booked even though the industry was in a slump. Hitchcock countered he would personally finance the project and film it at Universal-International using his Shamley Productions crew if Paramount would merely distribute.
This combined offer was accepted and Hitchcock went ahead in spite of naysaying from producer Herbert Coleman and Shamley Productions executive Joan Harrison.
Cavanagh, a writer on the Alfred Hitchcock Presents television series, penned the original screenplay. Stefano found the character of Norman Bates—who, in the book, is middle-aged, overweight, and more overtly unstable—unsympathetic, but became more intrigued when Hitchcock suggested casting Anthony Perkins.
Also gone is Bates' interest in spiritualismthe occult and pornography. Smith notes that, "Her story occupies only two of the novel's 17 chapters. Hitchcock and Stefano expanded this to nearly half the narrative".
For Stefano, the conversation between Marion and Norman in the hotel parlor in which she displays a maternal sympathy towards him makes it possible for the audience to switch their sympathies towards Norman Bates after Marion's murder.
Stefano wanted to give the audience "indications that something was quite wrong, but it could not be spelled out or overdone. Hitchcock preferred to focus the audience's attention on the solution to the mystery,  and Stefano thought such a relationship would make Sam Loomis seem cheap.
This provided some shock effect, since toilets were virtually never seen in American cinema in the s. Stefano thought this would make it easier to conceal the truth about "Mother" without tipping that something was being hidden.
Paramount was expecting No Bail for the Judge starring Audrey Hepburnwho became pregnant and had to bow out, leading Hitchcock to scrap the production. Their official stance was that the book was "too repulsive" and "impossible for films", and nothing but another of his star-studded mystery thrillers would suffice.
This provided an angle of view similar to human vision, which helped to further involve the audience. Green to Phoenix to scout locations and shoot the opening scene.
The shot was supposed to be an aerial shot of Phoenix that slowly zoomed into the hotel window of a passionate Marion and Sam. Ultimately, the helicopter footage proved too shaky and had to be spliced with footage from the studio.
Footage of her driving into Bakersfield to trade her car is also shown. They also provided the location shots for the scene in which she is discovered sleeping in her car by the highway patrolman.
These included many real estate offices and homes such as those belonging to Marion and her sister. Leigh took the joke well, and she wondered whether it was done to keep her on edge and thus more in character or to judge which corpse would be scarier for the audience.
The final shot in the shower scene, which starts with an extreme close-up on Marion's eye and pulls up and out, proved very difficult for Leigh, since the water splashing in her face made her want to blink, and the cameraman had trouble as well since he had to manually focus while moving the camera.
Hitchcock forced retakes until all three elements were to his satisfaction. Green, working with storyboard artist Saul Bass' drawings only while Hitchcock was incapacitated with the common cold. However, upon viewing the dailies of the shots, Hitchcock was forced to scrap them.
He claimed they were "no good" because they did not portray "an innocent person but a sinister man who was going up those stairs". Filming the murder of Arbogast proved problematic owing to the overhead camera angle necessary to hide the film's twist.
A camera track constructed on pulleys alongside the stairway together with a chairlike device had to be constructed and thoroughly tested over a period of weeks. In Psycho, he can be seen through a window—wearing a Stetson hat —standing outside Marion Crane's office. Others have suggested that he chose this early appearance in the film in order to avoid distracting the audience.
As such, it spawned numerous myths and legends.
It was shot from December 17—23,after Leigh had twice postponed the filming, firstly for a cold and then her period. The combination of the close shots with their short duration makes the sequence feel more subjective than it would have been if the images were presented alone or in a wider angle, an example of the technique Hitchcock described as "transferring the menace from the screen into the mind of the audience".
The inner holes on the shower head were blocked and the camera placed a sufficient distance away so that the water, while appearing to be aimed directly at the lens, actually went around and past it. Hitchcock originally intended to have no music for the sequence and all motel scenes but Herrmann insisted he try his composition.
Afterward, Hitchcock agreed it vastly intensified the scene, and nearly doubled Herrmann's salary. In an interview with Roger Ebert and in the book Alfred Hitchcock and the Making of PsychoLeigh stated she was in the scene the entire time and Hitchcock used a stand-in only for the sequence in which Norman wraps Marion's body in a shower curtain and places it in the trunk of her car.Essay Scholarships.
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Welcome to draft: The Journal of Process.
Featuring stories, first drafts, and interviews with authors of note, draft is a unique print publication emphasizing the importance and diversity of the creative process. We’re interested in mechanics, techniques, approaches, triumphs, failures, concussive frustration — everything that goes into crafting a great piece of creative writing.
Getting artsy in America’s most creative places, year 2 “Art is a nation’s most precious heritage. For it is in our works of art that we reveal to ourselves and to others the inner vision which guides us as a nation.” –Lyndon Johnson.
Seattle Film Institute’s programs are collaborative, hands-on, and accelerated. Learn by doing with professional equipment as you’re taught and mentored by an .
Founded in , Seattle Film Institute prepares students for successful careers in the film industry. SFI’s faculty is comprised of experienced, working professional filmmakers, actors, writers, editors, composers, cinematographers, agents and other specialists.
Extension classes cover screenwriting, film production, video production, film history, film business and distribution, editing, lighting, and audio editing, among others.
In Seattle Film Institute became a member of SARA-NC and began a fully online distance education program.