Honduras has three distinct topographical regions: The larger Caribbean lowlands in the north and the Pacific lowlands bordering the Gulf of Fonseca are characterized by alluvial plains.
See Article History Alternative Titles: It is the largest of the Central American republics. Nicaragua can be characterized by its agricultural economy, its history of autocratic government, and its imbalance of regional development—almost all settlement and economic activity are concentrated in the western half of the country.
Nicaragua has a unique history in that it was the only country in Latin America to be colonized by both the Spanish and the British. The land, economic, and educational reforms initiated by the socialist-oriented Sandinista regime were negated when it became embroiled in guerrilla warfare with a U.
The Sandinista -dominated government was finally defeated by the U. The election results, which were deemed free and fair by the international communitysignaled an end to the armed conflict in Nicaragua. The Sandinistas returned to power after winning a national election in but promised to uphold many of the economic reforms of their predecessors.
Present-day Nicaragua is still recovering from its legacy of dictatorship and civil war.
|Kuwait Facts||Topography[ edit ] Honduras' topography.|
|SubScribe to Receive InSight Crime's Top Stories Weekly||See Article History Alternative Titles: The Caribbean Sea washes its northern coast, the Pacific Ocean its narrow coast to the south.|
|Honduras Profile||It has left behind many carved inscriptions and stelae. The ancient kingdom, named Xukpiexisted from the 5th century to the early 9th century, and had antecedents going back to at least the 2nd century.|
|Culture Name||A Maya stelaan emblematic symbol of the Honduran Mayan civilization at Copan.|
There are ongoing disputes over land ownership, and Nicaragua continues to be dependent on foreign aidmainly from the United States. On the other hand, the country has been home to many prominent artists, writers, and intellectualsand it began to attract a significant income from tourism in the early 21st century.
Relief The western half of Nicaragua is made up generally of valleys separated by low but rugged mountains and many volcanoes. To the west and south of the central mountain core is a string of 40 volcanoes —some of which are active—that stretches northwest-southeast along the Pacific coast.
These volcanoes are surrounded by low plains extending from the Gulf of Fonseca in the north to the Bay of Salinas in the south and are separated from the mountains by the great basin that contains Lakes NicaraguaManaguaand Masaya. They are divided into two groups: Donne Bryant Stock The eastern half of Nicaragua has low, level plains.
Among the widest Caribbean lowlands in Central America, these plains average 60 miles km in width. They are short and carry a small volume of water; the most important are the Negro and Estero Real rivers, which empty into the Gulf of Fonseca, and the Tamarindo River, which flows into the Pacific.
The eastern rivers are of greater length. The mile- km- long Coco River flows for miles km along the Nicaragua-Honduras border and empties into the Caribbean on the extreme northern coast. The west is a region of lakes. Lake Nicaraguawith an area of 3, square miles 8, square kmis the largest lake in Central America.
The lake is bisected by a chain of volcanos which has led to the formation of numerous islands, the largest of which is Ometepe Island.
Located in the southern isthmus, the lake and its distributary, the San Juan River, have long been discussed as a possible canal route between the Caribbean and the Pacific.
Custom Search Country Studies Index. Honduras, long one of the poorest countries in Latin America, is now also among the most violent and crime-ridden. The violence is carried out by local drug trafficking groups, gangs, corrupt security forces and transnational . Honduras is a country in Central alphabetnyc.comas borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean. Guatemala lies to the west, Nicaragua south east and El Salvador to the south west. Honduras is the second largest Central American republic, with a total .
Lake Masaya is prized for its swimming and fishing facilities; the sulfurous waters of Lake Nejapa have medicinal properties ascribed to them; and Lake Tiscapa is located in the capital city.
Soils Soils on the Caribbean coast are varied and include fertile alluvial types along waterways and relatively infertile types in the pine-savanna and rainforest regions.
On the Pacific coast the soil is volcanic, and about four-fifths of its area is fertile. Climate The climate is slightly cooler and much wetter in the east than in the west. The Pacific side is characterized by a rainy season from May to November and a dry season from December to April.
On the Caribbean side of the country, the rainy season lasts for about nine months of the year, and a dry season extends from March through May. The annual average temperature is about the same as on the Pacific side, but annual precipitation averages almost inches 3, mm.
Prevailing winds are from the northeast and are cool on the high plateau and warm and humid in the lowlands. Page 1 of 5.Geography.
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Discover the world with articles, fact sheets, maps and more that explore landscapes, peoples, places, and environments both near and far. Honduras, long one of the poorest countries in Latin America, is now also among the most violent and crime-ridden.
The violence is carried out by local drug trafficking groups, gangs, corrupt security forces and transnational criminal organizations mainly from Mexico and Colombia. Honduras, long one of the poorest countries in Latin America, is now also among the most violent and crime-ridden.
The violence is carried out by local drug trafficking groups, gangs, corrupt security forces and transnational . Archaeologists have demonstrated that Honduras has a multi-ethnic prehistory.
An important part of that prehistory was the Mayan presence around the city of Copán in western Honduras near the Guatemalan border. Copán was a major Maya city that began to flourish around A.D.
but reached its height in the Late Classic (– A.D.). Culture of Honduras - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family Ge-It.
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